A history has been created by Bangladesh when country’s first Nano Satellite ‘BRAC Onnesha’ finally, got launched into low earth orbit. BRAC University received the nano-satellite BRAC Onnesha, the first satellite made by any Bangladeshi university which took off for space at midnight on June 4, 2017.
On June 4, at around 3:30 am, this Nano Satellite has been sent through Falcon 9 Rocket of Space-X in CRS-11 Mission belonging to the spaceship manufacturing organization Space-X and the US space research organization NASA. Raihana Shams Islam Antara, Abdullah Hil Kafi and Maisun Ibn Monowar, the three Master’s students of Kyushu Institute of Technology, Japan (KIT) and BRAC University as well, have developed the satellite. BRAC University teamed up with Japan's Kyushu Institute of Technology (KIT) launched the satellite.
Nano-Satellite ‘BRAC ONNESHA’ started circumambulating the earth from the International Space Station. It has been deployed in space on July 7, 2017, at 3:10 pm. The whole satellite installation procedure was displayed in a program held at the university auditorium through a video conference organized by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.
The satellite was capable enough to completing one orbit 400 kilometers above the ground in 90 minutes and passing over Bangladesh four to six times every day. It would allow high quality photographs of land to analyze vegetation, urbanization, flood, water resources, forestry and other natural resources from overhead.
The low pricey small satellite, classified as nanosat, has been persistently developed to serve academic and research goals. Compared to conventional high-cost communications satellites, nanosats are small in size, weigh between one and 10kg, and can be placed in low earth orbit, 500 to 1500km above the equator, instead of the more expensive to launch and build geostationary earth orbit satellites, which are placed around 36,000km away from earth.
Former Soviet Union was the first to launch artificial earth satellite Sputnik 1into space in 1957 which too was a low earth orbit satellite. Chief Scientific Officer of SPARRSO Hafizur Rahman welcomed the initiative by a private university. Going for low-cost nanosat was a good initiative, as he stated. These satellites can persistently be developed to address specific needs like agriculture, disaster, climate etc.
The nanosat venture came in good consolidation with Bangladesh's first communication satellite as it would help expose the country's young scientists and academics to satellite technology.